Nail Dermatologist and Patient Educational Content Lacks Adequate Skin of Color Representation: Implications for Care

Author Affiliation(s)



1. Adelekun A, Onyekaba G, Lipoff JB. Skin color in dermatology textbooks: an updated evaluation and analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2021;84(1):194-196. 2. Lester J, Taylor S, Chren M. Under-representation of skin of colour in dermatology images: not just an educational issue. The British journal of dermatology. 2019;180(6):1521-1522. 3. Abduelmula A, Akuffo-Addo E, Joseph M. The Progression of Skin Color Diversity and Representation in Dermatology Textbooks. Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery. 2022:12034754221099668. 4. Falotico JM, Lipner SR. Lack of skin of color images of nail conditions in dermatology textbooks. International Journal of Dermatology.n/a(n/a). 5. Falotico JM, Lipner SR. Few skin of color images in Google image searches of nail conditions. International Journal of Dermatology. 2022. 6. Lipner SR, Scher RK. Onychomycosis: Clinical overview and diagnosis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2019;80(4):835-851. 7. Chang MJ, Qiu Y, Lipner SR. Race reporting and representation in onychomycosis clinical trials: A systematic review. Mycoses. 2021;64(8):954-966. 8. Hare AQ, Rich P. Clinical and educational gaps in diagnosis of nail disorders. Dermatologic clinics. 2016;34(3):269-273. 9. Chang MJ, Lipner SR. Resources for skin of color images. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2021;84(6):e275-e277.

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