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Original Article

The Causal Association Between Medication Intake and Increased Risk of Psoriasis

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Abstract

Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, and papulo-squamous skin disorder without a radical cure. Although previous observational analyses have discovered a relationship between medication intake and increased risk of psoriasis, they are susceptible to confounders.


Objectives: We intend to ascertain if there is a causal association between specific medication intake and increased risk of psoriasis by utilizing the Mendelian randomization (MR) method.


Methods: We obtained the genome-wide association study (GWAS) data for medication intake (23 types, N = 1809) from UK Biobank samples. And we sourced the GWAS data for psoriasis from the 8th release of the FinnGen database, which included 8,075 psoriasis cases and 330,975 healthy control cases. Then a two-sample MR study was performed to determine their causal association, and inverse-variance-weighted MR (IVW-MR) was applied to calculate the effect estimates.


Results: The IVW-MR analysis uncovered a positive correlation between the intake of HMG CoA reductase inhibitors and the increased risk of psoriasis (odds ratio [OR] = 1.167, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.084-1.257). Similarly, the use of thyroid preparations (OR=1.080, 95% CI=1.026-1.138), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic products (OR=1.406, 95% CI=1.037-1.908), anilides (OR=1.379, 95% CI=1.004-1.894), antihistamines for systemic use (OR=1.341, 95% CI=1.104-1.630), and antihypertensives (OR=1.099, 95% CI=1.016-1.190) were associated with an increased risk of psoriasis. We did not find evidence from IVW-MR for other associations.


Conclusions: Our study offers a causal testimony that the intake of HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, thyroid preparations, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic products, anilides, antihistamines for systemic use, and antihypertensives will potentially increase the risk of psoriasis.

Keywords : psoriasis, medicine intake, Mendelian randomization, risk factors

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