Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia

Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia

Authors

  • Alfredo Rossi Department of Hematology, Oncology and Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
  • Gemma Caro Department of Hematology, Oncology and Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
  • Maria Caterina Fortuna Department of Hematology, Oncology and Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
  • Flavia Pigliacelli Department of Hematology, Oncology and Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
  • Andrea D'Arino Department of Hematology, Oncology and Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
  • Marta Carlesimo Department of Hematology, Oncology and Dermatology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Keywords:

hair loss, chemotherapy, treatment, alopecia

Abstract

Background: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA) is one of the most dramatic side effects of chemotherapy. Currently no guidelines are available for its prevention and treatment. Several devices and drugs are used, but results are often disappointing.

Aims: Our aim is to analyze drugs and devices proposed in the literature for prevention and treatment of CIA induced by cytotoxic drugs and to discuss the evidenced-based opinion.

Methods and Results: Scalp cooling is the only agent that has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for CIA prevention. Minoxidil and bimatoprost should not be used during chemotherapy administration, but they can be used after chemotherapy discontinuation to obtain greater regrowth.

Conclusions: Therapy should always be modulated for the patient and no fixed protocol should be used. Trichoscopy and trichogram could be useful tools in supporting this treatment.

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Published

2020-06-29

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Review

How to Cite

1.
Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Alopecia. Dermatol Pract Concept [Internet]. 2020 Jun. 29 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];10(3):e2020074. Available from: https://dpcj.org/index.php/dpc/article/view/dermatol-pract-concept-articleid-dp1003a74

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